Inventory: textile and garment industry of trade protection measures - textile and garment trade - s

Published: 21st March 2011
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2009 years, the United States with almost every case of anti-dumping countervailing duties involve China. In addition, the 421 (specifically the investigation against Chinese products) may be greater in the United States, an area of support. To this end, lots of information about trade protection policies and regulations, the Chinese enterprises have a practical significance.



HC screen Special Indian network Since 2009, the United States with almost every anti-dumping countervailing duty cases involve China. In addition, Section 421 (special investigations against Chinese products) may be greater in the United States to support the area. To this end, lots of information about trade protection policies and regulations, the Chinese enterprises have a practical significance.



Global Financial Crisis, a general reduction in U.S. consumer spending, business investment declined, falling industrial production, the U.S. unemployment rate hit a new high since World War II. In this case, the rise of trade protectionism start, especially against China's rising trade remedy cases, the Chinese became the main objective of countervailing duty actions. Since 2009, the United States with almost every anti-dumping countervailing duty cases involve China. In addition, Section 421 (special investigations against Chinese products) may be greater in the United States to support the area. To this end, lots of information about trade protection policies and regulations, the Chinese enterprises have a practical significance.



The form of trade remedy Trade remedy into anti-dumping duties, countervailing duties two. The anti-dumping / countervailing duty allowed conditions are: First, determine the existence of dumping / subsidy acts; Second, to determine the domestic industry producing similar products had caused material injury (or threat of material injury exists), and that the real damage or threat of dumping or subsidy incentives that act.



While dumping is less than the "normal value" of the price of the import market Sell Merchandise. Generally refers to the normal value of goods sold in the domestic market price, if the non-market economy country, the domestic market commodity prices dropped. Non-market economy the normal value of goods: The "Factor" based on the value of the production costs of goods to third country (alternative country) price data. Because U.S. law that a non-market economy countries of goods sold is not based on market factors, so no non-market economy country market price.



On subsidies, the Government's "financial assistance" shall be deemed to meet the following two benefits: First, accept the object "profit" and subsidies to "clear." Financial assistance including: direct or indirect transfer of government funds, such as funds, loans, loan guarantees and equity injection, such as tax credits and tax cuts, provide goods and services (not including infrastructure) and so on.



Through government subsidies and "profit" means: in terms of assets into investment decisions and private investment behavior is inconsistent; on loans and loan guarantees, the preferential interest rates; on the provision of goods and services, non-adequate remuneration; and subsidies "explicit" refers to export subsidies and import substitution subsidies, and limited conditions, to provide for specific companies, industries and regions.



Filed the case on file program

U.S. anti-dumping / countervailing duty laws of the implementation of the two steps, by the United States each control one of two institutions: first, whether there by the U.S. Department of Commerce ruled that "dumping" or subsidies and dumping margin or the estimated amount of subsidies; followed , by the U.S. International Trade Commission ruled that U.S. industry is a result of "dumping" of imports or subsidies received damage. Then, the U.S. International Trade Commission made the preliminary ruling damage ("reasonably implied"), by the U.S. Department of Commerce made the preliminary ruling of dumping or subsidies, followed by the final ruling of dumping or subsidies and the U.S. International Trade Commission's injury determination.



Anti-dumping / countervailing duty once the investigation began before the U.S. International Trade Commission, importers and retailers will inevitably focus on the damage on the part of the investigation. Therefore, as a supplier to be prepared in advance for best results in the survey. Of these, including an estimate of potential weak links, make the record; to China, that has nothing to do with state control problems, and so U.S. buyers.



As suppliers of anti-dumping investigation of the object, importers have to pay anti-dumping duties (regulations do not allow the supplier to pay compensation for importers anti-dumping duty), so, once on file, buyers want suppliers to actively take measures to potential liabilities to a minimum.



Therefore, in this regard, importers and suppliers have a common interest, that the suppliers wish to retain customers, buyers want to keep with the reliable supplier Cooperation .



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